| Year Approved : 2018 (17)
|Barney Ewell (1918-1996)||Lancaster||Lancaster|
African American sprinter who won a gold and two silver medals at the 1948 Olympics. Although the 1940 and 1944 Olympics were cancelled because of WWII while Ewell was in his prime, he was able to maintain the highest level of performance at an international level to qualify for and medal at the 1948 Olympics. Member of the National Track and Field Hall of Fame.
|Benjamin Lay (1682-1759)||Abington||Montgomery|
An early Quaker abolitionist, Lay wrote anti-slavery literature, boycotted products that used slave labor, demonstrated in the streets, and was vocal at Quaker meetings encouraging the immediate abolition of slavery. Due to his activism, the Quakers became the first religious group to outlaw slaveholding by their members. He also influenced the broader abolitionist movement in the US and Great Britain.
|D.T.Watson Home for Crippled Children||Leet Township||Allegheny |
Facility at which patients were first to receive the Salk polio vaccine. By the 1950s it was among the nation’s preeminent facilities that treated children with polio and provided physical rehabilitation. Medical Director Dr. Jessie Wright worked closely with Jonas Salk to develop a safe and effective polio vaccine.
One of the earliest LGBT rights protests in the build-up to the Stonewall Riots four years later. Its success served to encourage the LGBT rights activism that followed. The sit-in was also notable for its defense of the early transgender community. It was an important episode in the history of U.S. democracy, political activism and civil rights.
|Eddystone Rifle Plant||Eddystone||Delaware |
This 34-acre facility supplied nearly half of all infantry weapons issued to US forces during WWI, as well as over 600,000 rifles for the British army. It was the largest munitions plant in the US during WWI, employing 15,000 workers, 20 percent of them women.
Creator of the Joe Palooka comic strip that was syndicated nationwide for more than 50 years. Palooka was a prize fighting, clean living hero. The comic strip gained popularity during WWII, as the Palooka character enlisted in the Army. The strip served to encourage recruitment and to boost morale among American troops. It also served as a tool to sell war bonds and encouraged support of the war effort.
|Isaac and Dinah Mendenhall (1806-1882), (1807-1889)||Chadds Ford||Chester|
Quaker abolitionists who were active with the Underground Railroad, collaborating with Thomas Garrett and Harriet Tubman. The Mendenhalls were charter members of the Longwood Progressive Meeting, which broke from the more traditional Old Kennett Meeting in 1853 due to their anti-slavery activism. The meeting hosted national abolitionist speakers such as Sojourner Truth and William Lloyd Garrison. Dinah was part of a delegation that met with President Lincoln to advocate for the abolition of slavery just six months before the Emancipation Proclamation was issued.
|John Philip Boehm (1683-1749)||Blue Bell||Montgomery|
Founder of the German Reformed Church in America, which developed into the modern day United Church of Christ. One of the most important aspects of his work was establishing governance for churches. He developed a church constitution 60 years prior to the US Constitution. He founded twelve churches and served at another eight as pastor.
|Lois Weber (1879-1939)||Pittsburgh||Allegheny |
The first American woman film director and a pioneer in early film making. In the era of silent films, she mastered superimposition, double exposures, and split screens to convey thoughts and ideas rather than words on title cards. She also used the nude female figure in the 1915 film Hypocrites and took on progressive and provocative topics, inciting both censorship and artistic praise.
|McAllister Family of Opticians||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Beginning in 1799, John McAllister began selling spectacles at his shop in Philadelphia. He became a skilled optician and clients included presidents Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, and Jackson, as well as other prominent individuals locally and throughout the country. John, Jr. was instrumental in advances in photography. John, Jr., and William McAllister worked and taught at the pioneering Wills Eye Institute. Five generations maintained this distinguished legacy through the mid-20th century.
|Oliver Pollock (1737-183)||Mechanicsburg||Cumberland|
A successful merchant and major financier of the American Revolution, Pollock endured bankruptcy and imprisonment. He became agent of the Continental Congress in the Spanish territory of New Orleans and became a friend of Governor Bernardo Galvez, who sent supplies to the Continental Army. Pollock accompanied Galvez in raids against the British on the eastern border. He is credited with financing the 1778 Illinois expedition of George Rogers Clark as well as that of James Willing against Loyalists on the lower Mississippi.
|Philadelphia Flower Show||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
The largest and longest running horticultural event in the nation, the Philadelphia Flower Show features displays by the world’s premier floral and landscape designers. Throughout its history this event has introduced many little-known species. At the inaugural show in 1829, the poinsettia was introduced to the American public. It has been honored multiple times as best in the world by the International Festivals and Events Association.
|Richard Moore (1793-1875)||Quakertown||Bucks|
A Quaker abolitionist, active with the Underground Railroad. Moore’s home was a major station on the network. Moore claimed to have assisted more than 600 fugitive slaves in their escape, including William Parker who was involved in the Christiana Riot. Moore also helped a number of fugitives to find jobs and set up residence in Quakertown.
|Ruth Plumly Thompson (1891-1976)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Author of 19 Wizard of Oz books, following the death of creator L. Frank Baum. Having earned a reputation as a talented author of children’s literature, Baum’s publisher solicited her to continue the official Oz series. She wrote one Oz book per year from 1921 through 1939, maintaining the series’ popularity through the release of the classic film.
|Slinky Toy||Clifton Heights||Philadelphia|
Ubiquitous American toy invented by mechanical engineer Richard James in 1943. Following Mr. James’ religious conversion and nearly bankrupting the company in the early 1960s, his wife divorced him. He relocated to Bolivia and Betty James took over the business and turned it into a multi-million-dollar company with international distribution. She was inducted into the Toy Industry Hall of Fame in 2001 and the Slinky was listed on the Toy Industry Association’s “Century of Toys” for the 20th century.
|Sunset Park||Penn Township ||Chester|
Country and Bluegrass music venue that operated for over 50 years. Some of the biggest names in the business played here and it became one of the premier venues outside of Nashville. This venue helped to spread the popularity of this type of music nationwide. By the 1980s the mailing list included individuals in 48 states. Bluegrass icon Ola Belle Reed played here for over 20 years with the Sunset Park house band.
|William J. McKnight, M.D.||Brookville||Jefferson|
Doctor, legislator and historian, McKnight introduced an Act in 1883 while senator that legalized human dissection, provided for unclaimed bodies to be distributed to medical schools for anatomical study, and made grave robbery illegal. The act served to advance the field of medicine and by extension, physical anthropology and forensic science. McKnight also authored several county histories and the History of Northwestern PA.
| Year Approved : 2017 (18)
|Dr. James Curtis Hepburn (1815-1911)||Milton||Northumberland|
Medical doctor and missionary to Japan. Hepburn introduced western medicine to Japan and opened an academy that continues as a major university. He published an English/Japanese dictionary and developed a system of transcribing Japanese characters into the Latin alphabet called "Hepburn Romanization" still in use today.
|Dr. Leon H. Sullivan (1922-2001)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
African American Civil Rights leader, Sullivan promoted anti-discrimination and advocated many charitable and self-improvement programs for blacks in this country. He advised a number of US presidents. He also was involved in the movement to end Apartheid in South Africa.
Property purchased in 1945 which became the first amusement park in PA owned and operated by African Americans. The park offered African Americans recreational opportunities denied them at amusement parks from which they were excluded.
|Hester Vaughn Trial, The||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
In 1868 a poor woman was accused of killing her infant, and was convicted at trial and sentenced to be hanged. The fledgling Women's Rights Movement led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton took up her cause and launched a media campaign claiming Vaughn had been denied a fair trial by a jury of her peers. Gov. John Geary pardoned Vaughn the following year.
|Huber Coal Breaker||Ashley||Luzerne|
Constructed in the 1930s by Glen Alden Coal Company, this breaker processed nearly 7000 tons of coal daily through the 1970s. To distinguish its product, the company sprayed color on its anthracite, creating "blue coal." It was one of the first to utilize Menzies cones to separate coal and was first to use aerial disposal of waste by-products.
|Inez Mecusker (1855-1941)||Corry||Erie|
Noted soprano in the late 19th and early 20th century. Billed as the American Cantatrice, she appeared in Vaudeville, Broadway, and operas, and she toured with nationally-known bands, most notably, John Philip Sousa's.
|James Bell's Tavern / Anti-Federalist Movement||Carlisle||Cumberland|
Colonial tavern that served as a meeting place for Anti-federalists during the development of the US Constitution. At the time, Cumberland County was the frontier of Pennsylvania. Local residents believed in limited government and secure civil rights, and protested against eastern commercial, conservative domination. This can be seen as the birthplace of the Bill of Rights and the Democratic Party.
|Jefferson Street Ballparks||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Baseball fields where both the first National League game and the first inter-racial game were played. They operated from 1864 to 1891 during the time when baseball evolved from an amateur leisure event to a competitive professional sport and "America's pastime."
|Jewish Hospital, The||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
The Jewish population in Philadelphia expanded sharply in the mid-19th century. Jews that became sick or injured had to go to hospitals that did not accommodate their religious traditions. This hospital was opened 1866, the 3rd Jewish hospital in the nation. Although open to all, it provided kosher food and access to rabbis for the dying, and respected death and burial traditions of the Jewish faith.
|John S. Trower (1849-1911)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
African American businessman who became one of the wealthiest blacks in the US by the time of his death in 1911. Primarily a caterer and restauranteur, Trower invested his profits in real estate, established a trade school for African Americans, and donated generously to religious and charitable causes. Noted in Booker T. Washington's The Negro Business (1907).
|Marc Blitzstein (1905-1964)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
One of the 20th century's most influential American composers and lyricists. Blitzstein was a contemporary of Aaron Copland and Virgil Thomson and a mentor to Leonard Bernstein. His controversial 1937 musical The Cradle Will Rock made musical history when it was shut down by the government due to its pro-union themes. His translation of Threepenny Opera has been performed worldwide.
|Mary Engle Pennington (1872-1952)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
She received her PhD in chemistry in 1895 and went on to become a leader in research and implementation of food preservation measures. She investigated and improved commercial refrigeration and transportation of perishable food, very important during WWI for providing food to soldiers. She is credited with inventing the egg carton to safeguard eggs from breakage.
|MOVE Bombing, The (Jubilee School)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
The black liberation group MOVE, founded in 1972 by John Africa, engaged in a conflict with law enforcement in 1978. A firefight erupted killing a police officer and injuring several on both sides. In 1985, when police tried to evict group members from a subsequent house they occupied, tragedy occurred. The City of Philadelphia, aided by the state police and the FBI, raided and bombed the residence when the group refused to vacate. These extreme measures resulted in an out-of-control fire that destroyed 61 homes and left about 250 homeless. Ultimately, 6 adults and 5 children were killed.
|PA Canal (Western Division)||Leechburg||Armstrong|
Part of the PA Mainline Canal from Philadelphia to Pittsburgh which reduced the travel time between the two cities from 3 weeks to 4 1/2 days. Dam #1 at Leechburg supplied the remaining 37 miles to Pittsburgh with water and provided slack water for 7 miles above the dam. There are many PHMC markers for Pennsylvania canal systems, but few that recognize the western division of the Main Line canal.
Founded in 1831, it is one of the oldest continuously operating community band in the US. The band played at the surrender of Lee at Appomattox and for the 150th anniversary of the Civil War. It was also present at two inaugurations for Presidents T. Roosevelt and Taft. The Repasz Band March, composed in 1897, has been performed nationwide.
|Samuel V. Merrick (1801-1870)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Prominent 19th century manufacturer and businessman. He established Southwark Iron Foundry which became one of the largest and most advanced of its time. It built engines for important Civil War naval vessels. Merrick co-founded the Franklin Institute and was first president of the Pennsylvania Railroad.
|Simon Girty (1741-1818)||Pittsburgh||Allegheny|
Frontiersman captured by the Indians as a youth in 1756, Girty lived among his Native American captors for several years, learning their language and culture. Following his release in 1764, he became an Indian interpreter for the British. During the American Revolution, he became the chief military representative of the British among the Native tribes in PA, OH, KY, WV, IN, and MI. A controversial figure, he fought against the US in the War of 1812.
|Smith Memorial Playground and Playhouse||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Claimed to be one of the first dedicated play spaces for children in the US, established in 1899. Richard and Sarah Smith were influenced by the American Playground Movement which began in the mid-1880s. The site is unique in that it has always operated as a private institution on public land, and has been racially and economically integrated - free and open to all.
| Year Approved : 2016 (23)
Early LGBT leader who was instrumental in having homosexuality removed from its classification as a mental illness and promoting the inclusion of gay publications in libraries across the nation.
|Baruch S. Blumberg||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Nobel Prize recipient in 1976 for identifying the hepatitis B virus and developing its diagnostic test and vaccine.
|Century Farm Program||Towanda||Bradford|
Statewide program administered by the Dept. of Agriculture to recognize Pennsylvania farmers whose property has been in the same family for 100 years or more. Started in PA by the Bradford County Historical Soc. in 1949, it was adopted statewide in 1976.
|Chief Cornplanter||Oil City||Venango|
Native American leader in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Cornplanter was a key negotiator with the PA government and was granted several tracts of land for Seneca settlement in northwestern PA.
|Davies and Thomas Company||Catasauqua||Lehigh|
Originally organized as an iron foundry, the company began manufacturing iron plates for lining tunnels in the early 1900s. It achieved widespread success providing the durable lining for famous NY City tunnels: Holland, Lincoln, Queens Midtown, and for other major tunnel lining projects. A segment of a Davies & Thomas PA Railroad tunnel was on display at the St. Louis Worlds' Fair.
|Dr. Alice C. Evans||LeRaysville||Bradford|
Bacteriologist that discovered the correlation between the consumption of raw milk and brucellosis or "undulant" fever and published her report in 1918. She worked for the USDA promoting the pasteurization of milk to prevent the disease and instrumental in the development of pasteurization laws passed in the 1920s.
|Dr. Anna Elizabeth Broomall||Chester||Delaware|
Early woman OB/GYN. Her achievements include the expansion and improvement of nurse training, organizing one of the nation's first prenatal clinics and perfecting and promoting numerous birth-related procedures including episiotomies and Caesarian sections that led to a reduction in mortality and serious injuries.
|Father John Christian Frederick Heyer||Friedens||Somerset|
Heyer was a Lutheran pastor and first American Lutheran missionary to India. Heyer was instrumental in the founding of the Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, the first of its kind in the US, and established several Lutheran parishes in western PA.
|First Puddling Ironmaking Furnace in America||Menallen Twp.||Fayette|
The process pioneered in the US at this furnace in 1817 revolutionized the iron industry and greatly advanced the industrial revolution. The process also led to the formation of the nation's first workers' union in the metals industry, the Sons of Vulcan, the precursor of the United Steelworkers.
|Fleetwood Metal Body Company||Fleetwood||Berks|
One of the foremost custom car body manufacturers in the nation, Fleetwood started in PA in 1909 and remained here for 20 years before becoming a subsidiary of General Motors. The chassis produced by the company were installed on many of the finest American cars, including the self-named Cadillac Fleetwood.
Basketball statistician for the NBA, Pollack developed a system of record-keeping adopted across the league. He coined the terms "slam-dunk," "rebound," "blocked-shots" and others that are now household words. Pollack revolutionized the way players were assessed that impacted recruiting, coaching, trading, and strategic play.
|Hotel Brotherhood USA||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
One of the earliest African American labor unions, hotel workers established it in 1883 in Philadelphia. The organization began protesting pay inequities as compared to white workers. It also set up a benevolent aid fund for members. It spawned chapters in many major US cities.
|Insurance Company of North America (INA)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
The first incorporated stock insurance company in the nation, INA was established in 1792 as a marine insurer. In 1794 it became the first company to insure the contents of a building from fire. The company pioneered the Homeowners Insurance Policy in 1950, one of the most successful and imitated of all insurance products.
|Jackie Ormes||New Eagle||Washington|
The first African American woman cartoonist, Ormes produced a nationally syndicated column in the 1930s for the Pittsburgh Courier, featuring her Torchy Brown character. Although black, the character possessed a sophistication rarely seen in depictions of African Americans at the time. She went on to create similar comic strips that went against stereotype.
|John S. Fine||Wilkes-Barre||Luzerne|
Governor of PA from 1951 to 1955. His administration instituted the first permanent sales tax in PA, ended segregation of the National Guard, and opened the State Police to African Americans.
Civil War doctor considered the Father of Battlefield Medicine. Letterman designed a prototype medical supply wagon, devised a system of triage stations and mobile field hospitals, and instituted an efficient management system for supply distribution and patient evacuation. Many of his principles are still used in modern warfare.
|Penn's Landing: Arrival Point of First Africans||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
The first slave ship arrived at the Philadelphia port in 1684, carrying African slaves to William Penn's newly established colony. In the early years of PA, the Quakers in power did little to discourage slavery. Many owned their own slaves and did not prevent the importation of slaves to the colony. Although PA is considered a leader in the abolitionist movement, slavery was an accepted institution in the state's early history.
|Pepper Hill Fire of 1938||Sinnemahoning||Cameron|
An untrained Civilian Conservation Corps unit was sent to fight a forest fire that turned to tragedy. The unit was comprised of boys in their late teens; seven of them and a supervisor were killed by the fire. This incident is used as a case study in training today and principles of wild land firefighting were developed as a result.
|Philadelphia Ronald McDonald House||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Established in 1974, the institution houses the families of hospitalized children for free. In a cooperative effort between Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, the Philadelphia Eagles and McDonalds, a nationwide campaign was launched to raise money for and build the first Ronald McDonald House. There are now over 350 houses at most major hospitals throughout the US and in 38 countries.
Billiards phenom who was the Women's Pocket Billiard Champion of the World from 1932-1940. McGinnis toured the US with Willie Mosconi and defeated some of the best pool players in the nation, mostly men. In a widely publicized exhibition match she soundly defeated the great woman athlete Babe Didrikson Zaharias.
|Stephanie Louise Kwolek||Southwestern PA||TBD|
A polymer scientist who invented Kevlar. Kwolek worked as a chemist for Dupont for 40 years. In 1975 Dupont made Kevlar bullet-proof vests available to law enforcement agencies. This protective gear has become critical to the safety of law enforcement personnel world-wide.
|The Dixie Hummingbirds||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Nationally recognized soul gospel music group, they were on the cutting edge of the genre for 30 years. Their cover of Paul Simon's hit Loves Me Like a Rock, the original of which they recorded with him, won a Grammy Award in 1973. The band was featured in the NY Times and TIME magazine and they have influenced artists such as: the Temptations, Stevie Wonder, and James Brown. The band was a recipient of a PA Governor's Award for the Arts in 2006.
|William W. Scranton||Scranton||Lackawanna|
Governor of PA from 1963 to 1967. He focused on public works, the Peace Corps and other economic aid, and fiscal responsibility. He went on to be an advisor to presidents Eisenhower, Johnson, and Ford, an ambassador, and a UN representative.
| Year Approved : 2015 (25)
|Albert M. Greenfield (1887-1967)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Greenfield was a successful businessman involved in real estate, banking, retail, hotels, newspapers, and transportation. He was involved in local, state, and national politics. He supported both Jewish and Catholic charities and organizations and promoted religious and racial diversity. In his role as chair of the Philadelphia Planning Commission, he helped guide the revitalization of Society Hill.
|American Institute of Mining Engineers||Wilkes-Barre||Luzerne|
Founded in 1871 in Wilkes-Barre, this organization of mining professionals was formed to attain a more economical production of useful minerals and metal, and to improve the safety and welfare of those involved in the mining industry. It was one of the earliest associations of engineering professionals in the nation and known as an Engineering Founder Society.
A Quaker abolitionist who was a pioneer in the education of females and blacks. In the 1750s he established schools for both, some of the first in Pennsylvania. He was tireless and unwavering in his opposition to slavery, writing numerous pamphlets and correspondence on the subject. He is credited with convincing many, including Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush, to promote abolition.
|Devon Horse Show||Devon||Chester|
Begun in 1896 and designated a Heritage Competition by the US Equestrian Federation (USEF), the Devon Horse show is the oldest and largest outdoor multi-breed competition in the nation. It was a founding member of the American Horse Show Association, which became the USEF.
|Don't Give Up the Ship Battle Flag||Erie||Erie|
In the summer of 1813, seven Erie women created a battle flag for Oliver Hazard Perry to fly on his ship, the Lawrence, in the Battle of Lake Erie. Perry used these inspiring last words of recently deceased Captain James Lawrence to rally his crew to victory, one of the first for the nation's fledgling navy. The words have become the unofficial motto of the US Navy, and the flag a national icon now on display at the US Naval Academy.
|Dr. Constantine Hering||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
A pioneer in the field of homeopathic medicine, Hering's research and educational methods were ground breaking. He developed numerous medicines, established the first school of homeopathy in the US, and published books and journals still influential today. He was a founder of the American Institute of Homeopathy in 1844, the first national medical society in the US.
|Dr. Edward H. McCleery (1867-1972)||Kanesholm||McKean|
McCleery is credited with saving the Great Plains Wolf (or Lobo Wolf) from extinction. He established a wolf park in Pennsylvania in the 1920s. The US government had instituted a campaign to exterminate wolves because the danger they posed to people and livestock. McCleery petitioned the US Biological Survey to allow him to pay for the wolves they captured to be sent to him rather than killed. He instituted a breeding program within his pack to retain the pure bloodline. The wolves were moved to the western US following McCleery's death and a park was established in Montana in 1980 where it continues today.
|Eddie Adams||New Kensington||Westmoreland|
A Pulitzer Prize winning photojournalist, whose iconic photo Saigon Execution brought to light the brutality of the Vietnam War and swayed public opinion about the war. Adams got his start as a photographer in his PA home town, shooting photographs for his high school yearbook and as a staff photographer for the local newspaper. After a career of national and international acclaim, Adams was buried in New Kensington.
A renowned singer and actress, Ethel Waters was born into poverty in Chester, PA. Having an unstable family life, she was forced into marriage to an abusive husband at the age of thirteen. Originally working as a maid, she began singing at nightclubs in Philadelphia, and eventually made her way to Broadway. Her blues style reflected her difficult early life. She became a Grammy winner and Academy and Emmy Award nominee.
|First Pennsylvania Troopers Killed in the Line of Duty||McCalmont Twp.||Jefferson|
Two troopers, members of the fledgling PA State Police force, were killed in Jefferson County in 1905. Pursuing several fugitives of the infamous Black Hand Society, Privates Henry and Zehrlinger were killed in a shoot-out by the outlaws who had taken over a local residence.
A nationally recognized artist and illustrator, Parrish was born, raised, and educated in Philadelphia. He is known for painting in vibrant shades of blue and capturing the spontaneity of movement. He was in the forefront of commercial art, realizing that presenting appealing artwork on advertisements boosted sales. His works have garnered widespread popularity and can be found in museums worldwide.
|Medical Library Association||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
The oldest medical library association in the world, it was founded in 1898 to improve the condition of medical libraries and thus facilitate the availability of medical literature to medical practitioners, researchers, educators and students. This increased accessibility of records led to critical advances in the medical professions.
|Mildred Scott Olmstead||Rose Valley||Delaware|
A tireless worker for peace and relief movements beginning in WWI, Olmstead was a member of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom and eventually the executive director of the national organization for 20 years. She traveled the world speaking on behalf of WILPF and its causes, and she was an advocate for women's rights. She received many awards for her efforts.
|Newport Citizens Free Captured Fugitive Slaves||Newport||Perry|
This well-documented event related to Underground Railroad activity, brings to light the anti-slavery sentiment in southcentral PA in the mid-18th century. Three fugitive slaves entered Perry County in 1841 pursued by bounty hunters and were captured. Several Newport citizens not only helped them to escape and provided them with food and money, but they were assessed a substantial fine in court due to their humanitarian actions.
|Robertson Art Tile Company||Morrisville||Bucks|
A company that was pioneering in the art tile business, Robertson established its own laboratories early to keep improving its products. They produced glazed, embossed wall and fireplace tile and floor tile. In 1893 it joined with other companies to form Associated Tile Manufacturers, a forerunner to modern trade associations. Herman Mueller, well-regarded in the tile industry, worked briefly for Robertson and brought some of his innovations to the company, notably the use of tile to line an indoor swimming pool.
|Samuel "Roxy" Rothafel||Forest City||Susquehanna|
Best known for establishing the Roxy Theater and opening Radio City Music Hall in New York City, Rothafel got his start in a theater in Pennsylvania. He operated the Family Theater in Forest City for two years, popularizing such innovations as daylight movies and "perfuming" an audience. He combined film and live action to produce a new kind of show. He was progressive in attracting patrons with persuasive advertising.
|Sarah Josepha Hale||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
A pioneer in women's journalism, Hale was an early American female author and editor. She began editing the first magazine for women in the nation, the Ladies Magazine in 1828. It became Godey's Lady's Book in 1837. For four decades as its editor, Hale substantially increased its readership and made it the leading American women's literary and fashion periodical. She also is credited for advancing the idea of a national day of Thanksgiving for 20 years, and was finally successful with President Lincoln.
|Sigma Sound Studios||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
A leader in the Philadelphia music scene for nearly 50 years, Sigma Studios produced records for many nationally known acts such as, the O'Jays, the Spinners, Harold Melvin and the Blue Notes, David Bowie and Billy Joel. Sigma was on the cutting edge of the soul music scene. It was one of the first in the nation to introduce 24-track recording and console automation. Many of its innovations are still in use today.
|Sullivan Progress Plaza||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Established by Rev. Leon Sullivan in 1968, this shopping center was the first of this type of venture developed, owned, and managed by African Americans. It was funded by investors from Sullivan's congregation at the nearby Zion Baptist Church. Visited by a number of presidents and presidential candidates, this location was prominent on the Philadelphia political scene. It sparked a number of similar projects across the US and it remains a successful enterprise in center city and a symbol of economic empowerment and self-sufficiency.
A groundbreaking archaeologist, Proskouriakoff revolutionized the world's understanding of Mayan hieroglyphics. Trained in architecture, she produced detailed and accurate drawings of Mayan buildings. She received numerous awards for her archaeological research, including the Order of the Quetzal from Guatemala, the country's highest award for a foreigner.
|Terminal Commerce Building||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Built by Reading Railroad in 1931, it was the largest commercial structure of its kind in the world. Combining a freight terminal, office space, a warehouse, a showroom, and a parking garage, it was created as a multi-tenant mercantile hub on the railroad line and near the heart of center city. The spaces were linked by high-speed passenger and freight elevators. On the National Register of Historic Places, after being sold by the Reading Company in 1954, it went on to house various government agencies and businesses.
|The Dennis Farm||Brooklyn Township||Susquehanna|
African American Farm that was established c. 1800 and remained in the same family for over 200 years. This property tells the story of free blacks in rural PA. It is believed to have been an Underground Railroad station, due to strong anti-slavery sentiments in the integrated community and evidence that the family was active in abolitionist activities.
|Westinghouse Gas Wells||Pittsburgh||Allegheny|
In 1884, Westinghouse discovered natural gas on his property and drilled several wells for its extraction. At the time the fuel was unsafe and dangerous to use. Over the next few years, Westinghouse patented over 30 inventions for the distribution, safe use, and metering of natural gas. His work was instrumental in the expansion and availability of natural gas as an important widespread energy source.
|William Penn Charter School||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Founded by Quakers in 1689, the school was envisioned and chartered by PA founder William Penn. It is the oldest continually operating Quaker school in the world. Its corporation was a pioneer in education, establishing free tuition for the poor in 1697, financial aid through scholarships in 1701, schools for girls in 1754, and schools to educate all races in 1770.
|York Water Company||York||York|
The oldest investor-owned utility in the nation, the public water system in York was incorporated in 1816. Most of the 25 water systems in America at the time were started by local governments or wealthy town founders. The idea of raising private funds for a public benefit was innovative. The company's dividend record - longest consecutive in America - speaks to its success.
| Year Approved : 2014 (27)
|Albert C. Barnes (1872-1951)||Merion||Montgomery|
Doctor and businessman who amassed one of the most extensive collections of early 20th century art in the US. He also was an early supporter of African American artists and promoter of their art. At his death, his indenture on the operations of the Barnes Foundation led to a lengthy court battle regarding the relocation of his collection, which garnered national attention.
|Anthony Palmer (1664-1749)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Provincial Governor of PA, 1748-49. Laid out the town Kensington, now part of Philadelphia, and during his term, Kensington was briefly the working capital. He organized troops along the Delaware to prevent Spanish pirates from plundering Philadelphia, orchestrated Indian treaties, and served as judge and master of chancery.
|Bryden Horse Shoe Works||Catasauqua||Lehigh|
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, this plant supplied a vital product of this era and was one of the largest of its kind in the world. The business employed a patented technique that improved durability. Supplying horse shoes to the British government during the Boer War and afterward, it enjoyed a reputation for quality and received orders from all over the world.
Built by African American abolitionist Robert Purvis to serve as a meeting place and arena for discussion of anti-slavery topics. Many black and white abolitionist leaders of the time spoke here and urged support of the UGRR, protest of fugitive slave laws, and other related activism.
|Commercial Radium Production||Pittsburgh||Allegheny|
The first commercial production of radium in the US was accomplished at James and Joseph Flannery's Standard Chemical Co. in 1913. In the following decade, it produced over one half of the world' supply of radium. In 1921 it produced 1 gram of radium to be presented to Marie Curie, who discovered radium, during her visit to this pioneering laboratory. NOTE: Recommended title is Standard Chemical Company with mention of the Flannerys and Curie in the text.
|Dr. Elisha Kent Kane||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Physician, scientist, and Arctic explorer, Kane contributed significantly to arctic study in the mid-19th century. His writings on the polar regions were very influential and his espousal of an "Open Polar Sea" was widely accepted. His explorations in Smith Sound, Kane Basin, and Kennedy Channel paved the way for Peary's North Pole expedition.
|Eddie Gottlieb (1898-1979)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
One of the founders of the National Basketball Assoc., Gottlieb was influential in the sport since its earliest years. Managed the dominant S.P.H.A.S. basketball team and led them to numerous championships. He helped run the international tour of the Harlem Globetrotters. A member of the NBA Rules Committee for 25 years, he introduced new rules to improve the game, and spent his lifetime advancing the sport of basketball.
Impeccably preserved vernacular neighborhood in the heart of Philadelphia - one of the nation's oldest and a National Historic Landmark. There have been extensive studies of these homes, their owners, and the area's transformation over its nearly 300 years of existence, shedding light on a very diverse working class community.
|Enos Benner (1799 - 1860)||Marlborough Township||Montgomery|
Pennsylvania-German printer and publisher, Benner's Der Bauern Freund (The Farmer's Friend) was a widely read by German-speaking Americans in the early to mid-19th century. Published weekly from 1828-1858, and preserved in its entirety, it provides valuable contemporary accounts of the Jacksonian era.
|Frank Cooper Craighead (1890-1982)||S. Middleton Township||Cumberland|
An accomplished naturalist, Craighead did numerous studies of insects and their impact on forests while Chief Forest Entomologist for the USDA. In 1950 he authored Insect Enemies of the Eastern Forest, which remains the definitive book on the subject. Following his retirement to PA, he assisted the state forestry dept. in dealing with insect infestations. NOTE: Panel recommends inclusion of his significant children on a Craighead Family Naturalists marker.
|Fred McFeely Rogers (1928 - 2003)||Latrobe||Westmoreland|
Creator and host of the nationally acclaimed and long-running children's public television program, Mr. Rogers Neighborhood. Produced in Pittsburgh from 1968 through 2001, the program emphasized the community spirit Rogers experienced growing up in Latrobe. Rogers made significant contributions to early education and children's media.
|George W. Crawford||Emlenton||Venango|
A native of Emlenton, PA and pioneer in natural gas production, transmission, and distribution. Crawford established the Columbia Gas and Electric Corp. in 1926, a model successful multi-state gas utility, and in the 1930s, the largest in the world. NOTE: Panel recommends inclusion of his father and brother, also influential in the early natural gas industry, on a Crawford Family marker.
|Humphrey Marshall (1722 - 1801)||W. Bradford Township||Chester|
Considered the Father of American Dendrology, Marshall wrote the first and definitive book on American trees and shrubs in 1785. The book was widely cited in Europe. He also cultivated many American species and he exported them to European gardens, including that of Louis XVI of France and King George of England.
|John Barry (1745 - 1803)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
Along with John Paul Jones, considered the Father of the American Navy. Due to numerous naval victories, Barry was appointed Commodore by Gen. Washington during the American Revolution. As such he won the final battle at sea against the British in 1783. When the US Navy was created in 1794, Barry was chosen to lead the new department.
|John J. McDermott (1891-1971)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
At age 19, became the first American and youngest competitor to win the U.S. Open of golf in 1911, and repeated in 1912. Traditionally a British game, McDermott's wins helped to popularize the sport in the US. In the years following, the PGA was established, two additional golf majors emerged in the US, and American golfers dominated the US Open and achieved prominence in the world of golf.
|Lehigh - Lafayette Football Game||Easton||Northampton|
The most played college football rivalry in the US, the first game was played in 1884. The rivalry has been widely acknowledged and it has been reported in national publications such as the New York Times and Sports Illustrated. Their 150th game will be played in 2014 at Yankee Stadium in New York, NY.
|Leopold Stokowski (1882 - 1977)||Philadelphia||Philadelphia|
World renowned orchestra conductor, Stokowski directed the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra from 1912 - 1940. During his tenure, he developed a unique sound that came to be known as the "Philadelphia Sound." He adopted a seating plan used by most orchestras today. He is probably most famous for his collaboration and appearance on the film Fantasia.